The origin of hand-knotted carpets locally known as 'kal baffi' dates back to 15th century and it traveled to Kashmir through various parts of Iran, Turkistan, Samarqand,etc. It was during the rule of one of the Shahmir sultans of Kashmir, Shahikhan who assumed the power of throne of Kashmir under the title of zain-ul-abidin popularly known as budshah in the year 1422 A.d.
 He invited experts to train people in various art forms including carpet making, papier-mache etc.

The time taken in making a carpet varies from three months to a couple of years depending upon the size of the carpet and the intricacies of the design.
Initially a design is created which is translated into a taleem.
Taleem is a colour-coded script which helps the wasta (weavers) in knotting the silk on a loom. As per the designs the best quality silk is procured, and is dyed in natural colors. 
Using the taleem, the weavers knot the silk into a carpet. Once the weaver is done making the carpet it is sent for washing, where it is hand-washed with care. After that, it is finally send for clipping to bring sharpness.